Speed limits in Germany – your complete travel guide

Speed limits in Germany – your complete travel guide
Are you planning on driving in Germany? Here, we have taken a look at the different speed limits you should be aware of ahead of your journey.

Although you may be familiar with the German’s famous motorway with ‘no speed limits’ – the autobahn – there are several key pieces of information that all drivers need to know.

It is important to understand how the German motorway system works, along with roads in rural areas, towns, and cities.

Although the surrounding countries may have more extensive speed limits, breaking the rules German roads can come with some severe punishments – with fines starting from going just 1 km/h over the speed limit in some places.

German speed limits

Contrary to popular belief, there are speed limits that apply to the vast majority of roads in Germany.

Like the rest of mainland Europe, the Germans use km/h rather than mph that we use here in the UK.

For cars and motorbikes, the speed limit in towns and cities is 50 km/h (~31 mph) – unless otherwise stated – and 100 km/h (~62 mph) on non-urban/open roads that are not the motorway/autobahn.

Some smaller roads within urban areas have signs showing speed limits of 30 km/h (18 mph).

If you are towing a trailer or caravan, then the speed limit is reduced to 80 km/h (~50 mph) on open roads, and variable up to 100 km/h on the motorway.

What is the speed limit on German motorways?

On the autobahn, there are areas where there are no speed limits, and they are marked with circular white signs with four black diagonal lines. Some of the motorway has a 130 km/h (~80 mph) advisory speed limit for all vehicles under 3.5 tonnes.

Around 30% of the autobahn’s 8000-plus mile roads come with a permanent or variable speed limit, with a further 10% using traffic control systems to regulate traffic.

Unlike many countries, Germany also has minimum speed limits. On a six lane road – the minimum speed for the fast lane is 110 km/h, middle lane is 90 km/h, and slow lane is 60 km/h. If a car cannot maintain these speeds on flat ground, then they are not allowed on motorways in Germany.

Type of roadSpeed limit
Autobahn (white sign)No speed limit/variable
Autobahn (red sign)130 km/h (recommended)
Non-urban area100 km/h
Urban area50 km/h
Some city roads30 km/h

The autobahn: a short guide

If you know that your journey in Germany is going to take you on the autobahn – then these tips should help you have a safe drive.

You will know that you will be entering the autobahn when you see the blue and white signs below.

autobahn sign

From this point on, keep an eye out for the two speed limit signs and what the smart motorways are telling you to do.

When on the autobahn, it’s important to stay in the right lane unless overtaking and on any roads without speed limits, it’s likely that someone is travelling faster than you, so you should move out of the left lane as soon as it’s safe to do so.

You shouldn’t use the hard shoulder unless you’re given permission by these signs:

autobahn hard shoulder

autobahn hard shoulder

On your German road trip, you will need to be extra vigilant when on the autobahn. When leaving it, you can drive faster than vehicles to your left after the exit lanes begin – something that can cause confusion for drivers from other countries.

Unlike in the UK, where we make way wherever we are for emergency vehicles – in Germany drivers have to create a ‘Rettungsgasse’ or emergency vehicle lane. If there are two lanes in each direction, you should move your car to the far right or far left depending on your position to create a middle lane for emergency vehicles. Whether there is an emergency or slow traffic – never get out of your vehicle.

If there are more than two lanes, drivers in the right-side lanes should move further right, while drivers in the third or fourth left lane should stay on the far left.

There are also a few more rule to keep in mind; use your indicators, it’s compulsory to keep a warning triangle and first aid kit in your car at all times; never reverse or make any U-turns; never stop or park along the Autobahn; never drive in the left lane to prevent vehicles from passing or tailgate and flash drivers to encourage them into right lanes.

German speeding fines and penalties

Although many people looking forward to driving in Germany may be thinking that they can put their foot down – there are serious consequences for breaking speed limits.

As stated in the StVO (Germany’s driving laws and regulations), speeding offences can lead to fines, points, and driving bans. Should a driver reach 8 points they will have to be banned from driving for a longer time or potentially for good.

The punishment can depend on whether a person is driving in or out of an urban area.

Over the speed limit by XX km/hNo-urban area fine and pointsUrban area fine and pointsDriving ban (non urban offence)Driving ban (urban offence)
1-10€20 & no points€30--
11-15€40 & no points€50--
16-20€60 & no points€70--
21-25€70 & 1 point€80-1 month
26-30€80 & 1 point€1001 month1 month
31-40€120 & 1 point€1601 month1 month
41-50€160 & 2 points€2001 month1 month
51-60€240 & 2 points€2801 month2 months
61-70€440 & 2 points€4802 months3 months
70+€600 & 2 points€6803 months3 months

Tips for driving in Germany

Now that you are prepared for the speed limits, get yourself ready for your next visit to Germany.

Before you head off, the RAC’s European Breakdown Cover provides a wide range of benefits should you breakdown in Germany to ensure you stay safe. To supplement this, RAC also offers travel insurance.

Once you know the rules of the road in Germany, it is important to bring the right documents so that you can legally drive in the country.

You’ll need a full UK driving licence, your passport, car insurance information, and your V5 registration document.

If you are driving from the UK to Germany in your own car, then you will need to have a UK sticker on the back of the vehicle. After September 28th 2021 you can no longer GB stickers.

If you do get into any emergency when on the roads in Germany, call 112 for help. It is possible to speak to someone in English on this number.

To prepare you for this, make sure you have a warning triangle (compulsory for all four-wheeled vehicles), headlamp beam deflectors (if you are driving a right-hand drive car without built-in deflectors), first-aid kit, and a reflective jacket.

Also, in 2010 the German government made it a legal requirement for all vehicles to be fitted with winter or all-season tyres for winter conditions.

Known as the ‘Winterisation’ of the German roads, this applies to all vehicles – whether you are renting or bringing your own. If you are looking at having a temporary vehicle during your time in Germany, make sure you have this as an extra as it can run up in cost once you arrive to pick up your vehicle.

Whether you are driving from the UK or are picking up a vehicle in Germany, the RAC Route Planner can help you prepare. Just remember, just like France, if you are using a GPS device in your car – you will need to turn off the function that picks up where speed cameras are.

Now that you are ready to get behind the wheel, we have shortlisted the best road trips in Germany – make sure to check them out on your next visit. If you have flown into Germany, take a look at these guides that looks at what you should do when hiring a car abroad, and what you should do once you are about to start your journey.

For more information on what to expect when you are in the country, this guide can give you everything you need to know about driving in Germany. Have a great trip!

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