Driving advice for every country in Europe

Find up-to-date driving laws and advice for any country in Europe before you visit, including any accessories you may need to purchase. Don't forget the RAC provides European breakdown cover while you're driving in Europe.

Driving in Finland

Finland
Population: 5.2m
Area: 338,145 sq. km
Currency: Euro (100 cents) - EUR (€)

Essentials

Driving licence

Visitors may drive a motor vehicle in Finland if they have reached the minimum age required by Finnish law.

A foreign driving licence does not entitle the holder to drive/ride a motor vehicle in Finland until the age of 18yrs old.

Valid licences issued in European countries are valid in Finland for the period of their validity.

International driving permits (1949, 1968) are recognised but not required.

Important documents

When driving in Finland the following documents should be carried:

  • Full, valid driving licence* 
  • Proof of insurance/green card (third party or above)
  • Proof of ID (passport)
  • Proof of ownership (V5C certificate)

While driving in Finland you are required by law to carry the following items. Hefty on-the-spot fines can be issued for failing to carry specific items:

  • Headlamp beam deflectors: depending on your car, you will either need deflector stickers or have to adjust the beam manually
  • Lights: all motor vehicles must use their headlights in and outside built-up areas at all times, throughout the year
  • Warning triangle: compulsory in all vehicles (except motorcycles).
  • Reflective jackets: in Finland, the legislation concerns pedestrians, who must wear safety reflectors in the hours of darkness (any type of reflector is accepted). Thus, a car driver who steps out of their car in the event of a breakdown becomes a pedestrian, therefore, they must wear a reflector
  • Motorcyclists: drivers and passengers of mopeds or motorcycles over 50 cc, who must be aged 15 or over, must wear a crash helmet
  • Rear-view mirrors: cars towing a caravan or a trailer must be equipped with 2 side rear-view mirrors

Rules of the road & regulations

Rules of the road

Overtaking & passing

Drive on the right, overtake on the left.

Vehicles should be overtaken on the left, unless the driver of the vehicle to be overtaken has indicated his intention to turn left; in parallel lanes of traffic vehicles may be overtaken on the right. Vehicles being overtaken should not move to the right across the white line which indicates the lane for cycles and pedestrians.

Trams should be overtaken on the right only, except in a one-way street or if the tram-lines are on the right hand side of the road. Vehicles must stop and give way to pedestrians boarding or alighting from a tram at a stop without a shelter. Vehicles are not allowed on the tram lines between two shelters at a tram stop.

Priority

At intersections, vehicles coming from the right have priority, unless otherwise indicated. The "Give Way" sign can be used as an advance warning sign, in which case it is supplemented by an additional panel bearing the word ‘stop’ and indicating the distance to the obligatory stop.

Vehicles on rails and emergency vehicles always have priority over other vehicles, even when coming from the left. Emergency vehicles have a strident alarm signal and a flashing red or yellow light.

Warning of approach

It is prohibited to sound a horn in towns and villages except in cases of immediate danger.

In the country, horns and headlights should be used if necessary at bends, intersections, slopes and wherever visibility is not perfect.

Towing

An inventory of normal equipment is not required. However, visitors are recommended to draw up an inventory in duplicate of any unusual or valuable fittings. A deposit may be required.

The following dimensions for vehicles with trailers must not be exceeded

Height: 4.20m

Width: 2.60m (private car 2.50m)

Length:            

  • Private car: 12m
  • Car & caravan: 18.75m (private car: 12m)
  • Car & caravan: 18.75m

Maximum authorised weight for trailers

Without brakes:

Half the weight of the unladen towing vehicle, but 750kg maximum.

With brakes:

If the maximum authorised weight of the towing vehicle is more than 3.5t, then the trailer may be up to 1.5 times the maximum permitted and registered weight of the towing vehicle. If the weight of the towing vehicle is less than 3.5t then the trailer cannot exceed that weight.

Seat belts

It is compulsory for the driver and passengers on the front and rear seats of cars to wear seat belts where fitted.

It is the responsibility of the driver to ensure that all children under 15 are safely restrained, the penalty is €35.

The number of passengers in a car or van is limited to the number indicated in the registration document, whatever the size of the person.

Travelling with children

A child less than 1.35m travelling in a car, van or lorry, must be seated in a child seat or child restraint. Where a child restraint/seat is not available, a child 3yrs and over must travel in the rear seat of the vehicle using a seat belt or other safety device attached to the seat. A child under 3yrs old may not be transported in a vehicle without child restraint/seat.

Speed limits

In residential zones the speed limit 20km/h.

Roads km/hMotorways km/hIn built-up areas
Moped45km/h45km/h
Motorcycle (without trailer)100km/h*120km/h50km/h
Motorcycle (towing trailer - if trailer does not have shock absorbers 60 km/h)80km/h80km/h50km/h
Private car (without trailer)100km/h*120km/h50km/h
Private car (towing trailer or caravan)80km/h80km/h50km/h
Private car (towing a trailer without breaks)60km/h60km/h50km/h
Camper van, mobile home (generally)80km/h80km/h50km/h

* Variable speed limits apply in Finland: The limit is 80 or 100km/h, according to the road and the traffic density.

Penalties

On-the-spot fines

The police are empowered to impose but not to collect on-the-spot fines.

Confiscation of vehicles

A car can be confiscated if it not safe to be driven, if the annual taxes have not been paid or if it was involved in a serious crime.

Parking

Parking regulations

Stopping and parking prohibitions follow international practice.

Parking lights must be switched on at night if the area is not sufficiently illuminated.

Enforcement of parking regulations

Wheel clamps may be used when the period of illegal parking exceeds 2 days. They may also be used when a maximum of 5 notices of ‘fees for illegal parking’ have remained unpaid. Vehicles may also be towed away.

Disabled parking access

Corresponding permits issued by a foreign authority bearing the international sign for disabled persons are authorised.

Traffic lights

The international 3-colour traffic light system is used.

Drink/drug driving

Legal limit

The maximum level of alcohol in the blood permitted is 0.05%.

Test

Both breath tests and blood tests can be carried out at random.

If the breathalyser reading carried out by the police indicates drunken driving, the driver is either taken to a police station where a precision breathalyser is used or to a health centre for a blood test. If the breathalyser test is negative and the driver's behaviour indicates impairment through the use of psychoactive substances, a medical examination is required.

Roads & fuel

Availability of fuel

There are about 2000 petrol stations in Finland - petrol and oil are readily available throughout Finland, even in small towns and villages. However, there may be up to 100 km distance from one petrol station to another in rural areas, particularly in Lapland, in the north of the country.

Petrol stations are usually open from 0700 to 2100 hours on weekdays and for shorter hours at weekends.  Some petrol stations open 24 hours a day.

Means of payment

Credit cards are accepted at most petrol stations.

Useful numbers:

112 - Here's a really important bit of knowledge; you can dial 112 from anywhere in Europe and an operator will connect you to an emergency service in the country you're visiting. Operators can answer your call in their native language, English, and French. 


Source: All information in this document is sourced from the AIT (Alliance Internationale de Tourisme) & the FIA (Federation Internationale de l'Automobile) and, to the best of the RAC’s knowledge, is correct at the time of publication (May 2016).
*Price for 1 day cover for up to 9 people travelling in a vehicle up to 1 year old in Zone 1.
RAC European Breakdown cover arranged and administered by RAC Financial Services Limited (Registered No 05171817) and provided by RAC Insurance Ltd (Registered No 2355834). Registered in England; Registered Offices: RAC House, Brockhurst Crescent, Walsall WS5 4AW. RAC Financial Services Limited is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority in respect of insurance mediation activities. RAC Insurance Ltd is authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority.
Still current at:
23rd Sep 2017
Updated at:
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British Embassy Helsinki

Office: British Embassy Helsinki
Street Address: Itäinen Puistotie 17
ZIP Code: 0244
City: Helsinki
Country: Finland

Telephone: +358 (0) 9 2286 5100
Fax: +358 (0) 9 2286 5284
Email: info.helsinki@fco.gov.uk