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Driving in Belarus

General Info

Belarus flag

Population: 9.6m

Area: 207,600 sq. Km

Currency: Belarusian Ruble - BYR

Top 10 popular attractions:  

  • Victory Square in Minsk
  • Mir Castle
  • Gomel Palace and Park
  • National Library of Belarus
  • National Park "Braslav Lakes"
  • Brest Fortress 
  • Nesvizh Castle and Curch 
  • Belarus National Museum 
  • The Cathedral of Holy Spirit 
  • Town Hall of Mogilev

Essentials

Driving licence:

A valid UK photocard licence is accepted. For other UK licences an International Driving Permit is recommended.

A foreign driving licence does not entitle the holder to drive/ride in Belarus until the age of 18yrs old.

International Driving permits (1949, 1968) are recognised.

Important documents:

When driving in Belarus the following documents should be carried: 

  • Full, valid driving licence* (with paper counterpart)
  • Proof of insurance/green card (third party or above)
  • International Driving Permit (see driving licence section)
  • Proof of ID (passport)
  • Proof of ownership (V5C certificate) 

While driving in Belarus you are required by law to carry the following items. Hefty on-the-spot fines can be issued for failing to carry specific items: 

  • Headlamp beam deflectors: depending on your car, you will either need deflector stickers or have to adjust the beam manually
  • Warning triangle: compulsory on-board all cars
  • Fire extinguisher/first aid kit: Compulsory on board all private vehicles
  • Motorcyclists: motorcyclists and their passengers must wear a helmet

 

Rules of the road & regulations

Rules of the road:

  • Overtaking & passing

    Drive on the right, overtake on the left.

  • Priority

    Rules follow those in the Convention on Road Traffic (Vienna 1968).

  • Warning of approach

    No information

Towing:

Caravans and camper vans may be temporarily imported provided an undertaking is made with the Customs that they will be exported on time.

Seat belts: 

Seat belts must be worn on the front seats of cars.

Travelling with children: 

Children under 12 years of age are not allowed to travel on the front seats of cars.

Snow chains:

Winter tyres are compulsory during the winter period, even for vehicles registered outside Belarus.

Spiked/studded tyres and snow chains are allowed during the winter period. There is no special speed limit for cars with spiked tyres, but cars equipped with such tyres must have a sign at the back so that drivers following can keep a safe distance (to allow for reduced braking distance).

Speed limits: 

In built-up areas: 60 km/h
In residential zones: 20 km/h

Outside built-up areas Motorway National road
Motorcycle 90 km/h 90 km/h
Car 110 km/h 90 km/h
Vehicle with trailer exceeding 3.5t 90 km/h 70 km/h
Lorry 90 km/h 70 km/h

 Radar detectors are prohibited in Belarus and must be disconnected on arrival at the border.

Penalties

  • On-the-spot fines

    The police can fine motorists and demand payment on-the-spot for minor traffic offences.

Parking

  • Parking regulations

    Regulations follow the provisions of the Convention on Road Traffic (Vienna, 1968).

    There are no parking meters in Belarus.

  • Enforcement of parking regulations

    Illegally parked vehicles may be towed away by the police. Fines are recorded and doubled when a second parking offence has been committed.

  • Disabled parking access

    There are no parking spaces reserved for disabled motorists in Belarus.

Traffic lights:

  • Traffic lights

    The international 3-colour traffic light system is used.

Drink/drug driving

  • Legal limit

    The blood alcohol content limit in Belarus is 0.00% for all drivers.

  • Alcohol

    The police have the right to stop drivers and test them for alcohol.

Availability of fuel

Some petrol stations in Minsk are open 24hrs. Leaded petrol is not available. There are four grades of unleaded petrol (as shown below).

  • Price of fuel
    (April 2014)
Unleaded petrol (92 octane) 8,800 BYR per litre
Unleaded petrol (95 octane) 9,500 BYR per litre
Diesel 9,600 BYR per litre
LPG 5,700 BYR per litre
  • Means of payment

    Foreigners can pay for petrol by credit card or cash.

Download  a copy of our Travelling in Belarus guide.

Download  a copy of our full Driving Abroad report.


Useful guides and maps

Michelin Motoring Atlas: Europe

What RAC can do for you

RAC offers great value, flexible RAC European breakdown (http://www.rac.co.uk/breakdown-cover/european-breakdown-cover/) cover tailored to meet your needs. We also offer comprehensive travel insurance (http://www.rac.co.uk/insurance/travel-insurance/), including cover for medical expenses, baggage, personal money and belongings *.  Whilst away, use our Route Planner (http://www.rac.co.uk/route-planner) for all your driving directions.

RAC can cover you against vehicle break down in Europe, with options available to suit your travelling requirements.

RAC European breakdown cover Basic and Comprehensive cover provides you with a wide range of benefits.


Source: All information in this document is sourced from the AIT (Alliance Internationale de Tourisme) & the FIA (Federation Internationale de l'Automobile) and, to the best of the RAC’s knowledge, is correct at the time of publication (August 2013).


There is an underlying threat from terrorism. Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers.

Around 4,000 British nationals visit Belarus every year. Most visits are trouble-free.

Take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel.

FCO TRAVEL ADVICE - know before you go - fco.gov.uk/travel

Office: British Embassy Minsk
Street Address: 37 Karl Marx Street
ZIP Code: 220030
City: Minsk
Country: Belarus

Telephone: (+375-17) 2105920~22
Fax: (+375-17) 2292306/111

Email: britinfo@nsys.by


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