Country-specific travel advice
Select the country you will be travelling in to see motoring information and advice, including any accessories you may need to purchase. Don't forget the RAC provides European breakdown cover while you're driving in Europe.
Driving in Turkey
If you're driving in Turkey your checklist requirements are:
- A valid UK driving licence. If you're staying for more than 3 months, or if you don't have a photo card licence, you'll need an International Driving Permit - find out more here.
- A GB sticker on the back of your car - even if your car has 'Euro-plates' (number-plates that show a circle of 12 stars on a blue background).
- Your motor insurance certificate.
- Two warning triangles inside the car in case you break down.
- Headlamp converters (stickers you put on your headlights when you're driving on the right, so your lights don't dazzle motorists coming the other way).
- A first aid kit.
- A fire extinguisher.
- An 'A' category standard motorbike licence to hire motorcycles over 50cc - if you have an 'A1' category light motorcycle licence you can only hire bikes below 50cc.
You must also:
- Be 18 or over –17 if the car you're driving isn't registered in Turkey.
- Make sure everyone in the car wears a seatbelt at all times.
- Wear a crash helmet if you're riding a motorcycle.
It's a good idea to have:
- Spare bulbs for your car's external lights.
- A Green Card valid for both the European and Asian parts of Turkey - it's a useful back-up to your motor insurance documents and shows you've got the minimum legal level of cover. If you'd like to find out more, contact your insurance company.
Other things you should know:
- You will have to pay tolls for some motorways.
- Petrol (leaded and unleaded), diesel and LPG are readily available.
- The speed limit is 50kph in built-up areas, 90kph on open roads and 120kph on motorways.
- If you're caught committing a driving offence, you'll be given an on-the-spot fine.
- The drink driving limit is zero – so there must be no alcohol in your blood when driving.
- You must use dipped headlights during the day, when driving through Turkey.
- You shouldn't use your horn except in cases of extreme danger.
- Children under age 12 can't sit in the front.
- If you're driving at night, or in rural areas, watch out for livestock or unlit farm vehicles.
- If you have an accident, you need to call the police and get an accident report from them.
Useful guides and maps
Michelin Motoring Atlas: Europe
- Still current at:
- 27th Oct 2016
- Updated at:
- 14th Oct 2016
- Latest update:
- Latest update: Summary and Terrorism section - report of a rocket attack in Antalya on 14 October; no injuries reported; separate attacks also reported on 14 October in Hakkari, Diyarbakir, Van and Adiyaman against military personnel resulting in around 13 injuries
The Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) advise against all travel to within 10 km of the border with Syria and to the city of Diyarbakir.
The FCO advise against all but essential travel to:
- the remaining areas of Sirnak, Mardin, Sanliurfa, Gaziantep, Diyarbakir, Kilis and Hatay provinces
- Siirt, Tunceli and Hakkari
A rocket attack took place in Antalya on 14 October 2016. No casualties were reported. Separately on 14 October, attacks also took place against the Turkish military in Hakkari, Diyarbakir, Van and Adiyaman, resulting in 13 injuries to service personnel.
Security force operations against the PKK and related groups are ongoing in Diyarbakir. The FCO advise against all travel to the city of Diyarbakir. Similar operations have taken place in Sirnak and Hakkari. You should take extreme care in these areas. See Safety and security
On 24 August 2016, the Turkish military started operations across the Turkey-Syria border near Karkamis and declared special security zones in villages along the Turkey-Syria border in Gaziantep Province. The FCO advise against all travel to within 10km of the border with Syria.
The situation in Turkey has calmed following an attempted coup overnight on 15-16 July 2016. The security environment, however, remains potentially volatile.
Take sensible precautions if you’re near any military or security forces.
Rallies and demonstrations may take place at short notice. You should be vigilant, particularly in areas where crowds may gather, and stay well away from any demonstrations.
President Erdoğan announced a state of emergency for 3 months from 21 July 2016. The state of emergency is focused on those involved in the attempted coup and isn’t expected to impact tourists. Turkey’s National Security Council announced a three month extension of the state of emergency on 28 September.
In some busy areas, especially Istanbul, the Turkish authorities are stopping members of the public to conduct ID checks. There is also a larger than usual number of police checkpoints on main roads across Turkey. You should co-operate with officials conducting checks, and keep your passport and a printed copy of your e-visa or your residence permit with you at all times.
The FCO is aware of the situation regarding university employees. The presidency of the Higher Education Council has issued a revised note indicating that the restrictions on leave and travel don’t apply to foreign nationals. You should check with your employer directly before taking leave or making any travel plans as the implementation of the restrictions is subject to the discretion of individual institutions.
Turkish and dual nationals are being asked to produce a letter from their employers and a social security document when leaving the country. These requirements may be subject to changes and amendments with little or short notice. Enhanced checks for Turkish nationals may lead to delays or long queues at foreign national desks. You may need to turn up at the airport earlier than normal to get through these possible delays, particularly at Istanbul Atatürk Airport.
Over 2,500,000 British nationals visit Turkey every year. It’s generally safe to travel but you should take additional safety precautions; you should be alert to your surroundings and remain vigilant in crowded places popular with tourists.
The threat from terrorism remains high. Terrorist groups, including Kurdish groups, Daesh (formerly referred to as ISIL) and far left organisations, continue to plan and carry out attacks. Further attacks are likely. Terrorist groups, including Daesh and the Kurdistan Freedom Falcons (TAK), have publicly threatened to attack tourist sites in Turkey. You should take extra care in public places – particularly those visited by foreigners. Be vigilant, follow the advice of local security authorities, monitor media reports and keep up to date with this travel advice.
Attacks are likely to target the Turkish state, civilians and demonstrations. Nevertheless, it’s increasingly likely that some attacks will also target western interests and tourists from western countries, particularly in the major cities, as was the case in Istanbul on 12 January and 19 March 2016. To date most attacks in Turkey have taken place in the south and east of the country and in Ankara and Istanbul. There is a heightened risk of terrorist attack against the aviation industry in Turkey.
Turkish authorities have successfully disrupted attack planning in the recent past. The Turkish authorities have said that security has been tightened in response to recent attacks. Nevertheless, further attacks are likely, could be indiscriminate and may target or affect places visited by foreigners.
An explosion occurred near a police headquarters in the Yenibosna area on the European side of Istanbul on 6 October 2016. You should stay away from the immediate area and follow the advice of local authorities.
British nationals need a visa to travel to Turkey, except for cruise ship passengers with ‘British Citizen’ passports who arrive at sea ports for tourist visits to the port city or nearby cities, provided that the visit doesn’t exceed 72 hours.
If you’re visiting Turkey as a tourist or on business, get an e-Visa online before you travel. Only use the official Republic of Turkey e-Visa website. Avoid unauthorised websites as they may charge an additional fee. Some unauthorised websites have issued fake e-Visas.
If you don’t have an e-Visa you can still get a visa on arrival for £20 in cash, although the visa on arrival service is due to be phased out. Getting an e-Visa from the official website before you travel will avoid possible problems or delays at the Turkish border, or when boarding your flight in the UK. See Entry requirements
Since July 2015, demonstrations have occurred in cities across Turkey associated with renewed hostilities between the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) and Turkish security forces in south-east Turkey. Police have used tear gas and water cannon extensively to disperse protests. You should avoid all demonstrations.
Take out comprehensive travel and medical insurance before you travel.
First World War commemorations
If you’re travelling to commemorate the First World War centenary, see this information and advice page to help plan your trip and make sure it’s safe and trouble free.
Many parts of Turkey are subject to earthquakes. An earthquake of magnitude 6.9 occurred on 24 May 2014 in the northern Aegean Sea. See Natural disasters