More priority should be given to maintaining existing roads and thansport infrastructure than building new motorways, experts said.
In addition, the Government should increase efforts to reduce car use, either through cycling or car sharing, a survey of the members of the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport found.
Ahead of the Government's comprehensive spending review in October, transport managers and experts said the top priority should be transport spending that supported economic growth or reduced congestion.
While most of the 1,244 polled supported plans for a high-speed rail network, institute members reckoned that new transport links to airports should not be regarded as a top priority.
Socially inclusive services, rural accessibility, health and safety and increasing capacity were identified as the main areas where spending cuts could be made.
Only 24% of those surveyed reckoned Government resources should be directed towards increasing road capacity, while 61% backed rail capacity increases.
Almost two in five (39%) supported cutting concessions, such as travel by senior citizens, while as many as 70% backed some form of road or congestion charging.
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