The old adage "prevention is better than cure" is most frequently applied to medical issues, but forward planning is equally relevant to other areas of life - including motoring.
The importance of anticipating hazards, or spotting them at the earliest possible opportunity, is one of the tips offered by Simon Elstow, IAM Drive & Survive's head of training.
"Hazards can be anything from a tree branch to a child walking along the pavement," said Mr Elstow. "Anticipating what other road users might do is key to being prepared."
His latest briefing offers a range of measures to help motorists avoid potential dangers on the road.
These include taking time to think about what might happen. Junction warning signs give early notice that a driver may be waiting to pull out ahead. Most warning signs for junctions indicate a serious incident has occurred there.
Be sure to observe others and plan for their anticipated actions. And use your mirrors so that you are aware of what is going on around you.
Finally, remember that hazards can include bends and junctions. Allow enough time to respond safely to the sudden appearance of another vehicle or cyclist.
Copyright Press Association 2012