Drivers are being urged to take extra care as the clocks turn back an hour on Sunday, meaning longer and darker evenings which can see road casualties increase.
The Institute of Advanced Motorists (IAM) has issued drivers with a number of safety tips for the winter, including turning headlights on before sunset and keeping them on for an hour after sunrise so that it's easier for other drivers to see you in twilight.
Making sure that exterior lights are clean and functioning properly is also important.
Using other people's lights, such as the light shed by vehicles ahead or from roadside lights, can also help motorists increase visibility.
The advice also includes driving on full beam whenever possible but dipping lights when faced with another road user to avoid dazzling them.
If a driver approaching you fails to dip their own headlights, the best way to avoid being dazzled is to look away to the verge on the left-hand side to avoid being dazzled yourself.
In 2011, the number of pedestrians killed or seriously injured in November was 14% higher than the monthly average.
Copyright Press Association 2012