Funding worth £35 million has been unveiled by the Government, part of which will pay for installation of the charge points.
It comes as official figures show that the number of ultra-low emission vehicles registered in the UK has risen dramatically over the last two years.
The funding forms part of efforts to improve air quality as concerns grow around the amount of toxic gases emitted by vehicles, particularly in London.
In a bid to drive down pollution, the Government is also launching a consultation on introducing clean air zones in a number of cities across the UK.
These include Birmingham, Leeds, Nottingham, Derby and Southampton, which could all see the zones implemented by 2020.
As part of the funding, councils will be able to bid for a share of a £20m pot to help them roll out charge points for ultra-low emission taxis.
In addition, £7.5m will also be on offer to workplaces to support the installation of charging infrastructure for staff and business car drivers.
A further £2.5m will be provided to councils to install charge points on streets close to homes that do not have off-street parking spaces where residents may be able to install their own points.
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The final £3.75m will be offered to riders of motorbikes and scooters who want to go green, providing them with 20% off the cost of an electric motorbike or scooter.
Announcing the funding, Transport Minister John Hayes said: “No matter what mode of transport you need - a scooter to get to work, a car or a van to run your business - we are here to help you do it with zero emissions.
“We are committing £35 million to help install new chargepoints and offer new grants as we aim for nearly all cars and vans on our roads to be zero emission by 2050.”
The Government has also added two electric Nissan Leaf cars to its fleet of motors, in addition to the four that are already in use.
As the cars are built in the Nissan manufacturing plant in Sunderland, the Government said this showed its support for the UK’s automotive industry.